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T0 Kill a Mockingbird




    To Kill a Mockingbird    


The Gray Ghost book, and Stoner's Boy are frequently quoted references within the famous novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, published in 1960 by Seckatary Hawkins club member Harper Lee of Monroeville, Alabama.  A particular quote from Stoner's Boy is the reference for the closing moral lesson that completes this famous novel. 

References to the Seckatary Hawkins books and stories:

In chapter 7 of TKAM, Jem and Scout find a ‘hiding place’ - a knot hole in a tree trunk on the edge of the Radley’s yard.  Later they realize that Arthur "Boo" Radley is actually showing his friendship by placing gifts for them in this hollow part of the tree.  In the knot hole, they first find a ball of twine, then chewing gum, two Indian head pennies, an old watch, an old medal from a spelling contest, and two carved soap figures they consider is in their likenesses and other items.  At first they are skeptical, but once they don't die from tasting the chewing gum, they decide to accept all the items as safe - and "our property".  (ed. - As you may know, Harper Lee used a lot of her life experiences in her novel with slight modifications to fit the story line.  There is a very similar hollowed out tree hiding place located on the road to Millville, in the 2/24/1918 Seckatary Hawkins newspaper sequel story entitled The Rejiment, where the boys hid all their "good stuff": a water pistol, pocket knife, slingshot, etc.  The F&S Club boys often refer to the knothole as their "Chees-Hole". The Gray Ghost story begins a continuing reference, repeated in several other Seckatary stories, of holes in trees that are used as "secret post offices".  Secret messages and other items are hidden away there for others to find).

One of our long-time Seckatary Hawkins F&S club members taught school for over 30 years, always reading from both books in class and illustrating for the children all correlations of Seckatary Hawkins to TKAM. Some of the observations from Teacher Peg Hoinowski are:

"At the end of the first chapter, when Scout, Jem & Dill are discussing Boo, Dill dares Jem to run up to touch the house.  "I won't say you ran out on a dare an' I'll swap you The Gray Ghost if you just go up and touch the house.

At the end of the book, Atticus is reading The Gray Ghost. Scout starts telling the story to Atticus-----little by little Scout's narrative about the Gray Ghost melts into her description of Boo Radley: (TKAM Pages 254-255: ) 'Atticus was in Jem's room, sitting by his bed. He was reading a book...'Whatcha readin'?' I asked. Atticus turned the book over. 'Something of Jem's. Called The Gray Ghost. I was suddenly awake. 'Why'd you get that one?' 'Honey, I don't know. Just picked it up. One of the few things I haven't read', he said pointedly. 'Read it out loud, please, Atticus. It's real scary.' 'No', he said. 'You've had enough scaring for a while. This is too--' 'Atticus, I wasn't scared....Besides, nothin's real scary except in books.' ...He took his thumb from the middle of the book and turned back to the first page. I moved over and leaned my head against his knee. 'H'mm,' he said. 'The Gray Ghost, by Seckatary Hawkins. Chapter One...' I willed myself to stay awake, but the rain was so soft and the room was so warm and his voice was so deep and his knee was so snug that I slept....'Heard every word you said', I muttered. '...wasn't asleep at all. 's about a ship an' Three-Fingered Fred 'n' Stoner's Boy...' ...'Yeah, an' they all thought it was Stoner's Boy messin' up their clubhouse an' throwin' ink all over it an'...' ...'An' they chased him 'n' never could catch him 'cause they didn't know what he looked like, an' Atticus, when they finally saw him, why he hadn't done any of those things...Atticus, he was real nice...' His hands were under my chin, pulling up the cover, tucking it around me. 'Most people are, Scout, when you finally see them.' He turned out the light and went into Jem's room. He would be there all night, and he would be there when Jem waked up in the morning.'

There are more examples like that throughout the book. 

One of the most touching parts of the book is when Scout walks Boo home that night.  Instead of leading him by the hand as they had been doing, Scout makes Boo bend his arm for her to slip her hand into the crook of his arm. "He had to stoop a little to accommodate me, but if Miss Stephanie Crawford was watching from her upstairs window, she would see Arthur Radley escorting me down the sidewalk, as any gentleman would do." Scout gives Boo his dignity, as he deserves! 

This shadowy figure (of Boo) is the only one with enough courage (other than Atticus) to stand up to the evil of Bob Ewell and that prejudice."


RE: Scout's statements: The Gray Ghost story does contain the description of Seckatary's blotter with the ink bottle spilled by 3 fingered Fred who left a hand print in the ink, but no scattering of papers.  But the term "messed up" , and the tearing up and scattering of books and papers around the club house does appear in the previous sequel book, Stoner's Boy, p51. 

The Seckatary Hawkins books Harper Lee read when she was a young girl were Stoner's Boy and The Gray Ghost, both of which belonged to her older brother, Edwin. 

Boo Radley finally comes out on Halloween when children say, "Boo" and dress up like ghosts."

School teachers often ask students - "Do you know why Harper Lee chose a Seckatary Hawkins story to illustrate this ending?"  A few years ago, an interesting conclusion was made by school children studying TKAM and The Gray Ghost connection:  "The Gray Ghost book suggests that when we die, there will no longer be race difficulties because we will not be white or black or red - we will all just be gray" (All of us the same).

The To Kill a Mockingbird Movie

The only mention of Seckatary Hawkins in the movie version was when the visiting boy, Dill bets a "Gray Ghost" against two Tom Swift's, in a rather different circumstance. This appears in Chapter one of the book, but seems a little later in the movie version. Jem's touch of the Radley house is also different, using Scout in an old tire that rolls to the Radley porch steps. After saving Scout, Jem runs up and touches the house. This movie editing omission is an unfortunate loss to the viewer since the ending of the movie makes no mention of the moral lesson of Seckatary's Gray Ghost and Stoner's Boy books.  If one just sees the movie but does not read the To kill a Mockingbird book, they miss the final moral impact that the Seckatary reference affords. 

A good reference site for Harper Lee:


Seckatary spinner - reads Fair & Square when spinning.


*There were Seckatary Hawkins clubs with several million members reported during the radio broadcasts from the Chicago Merchandise Mart in 1929-30. Midwest newspapers ran the weekly stories and comic strips as late as 1954. There were also comic books, board games, club pins / pennants / coins / spinners / bookends, etc

*There is citation of the Seckatary Hawkins stories, Gray Ghost book, and is the quoted reference of the closing moral lesson in the famous novel, "To Kill a Mockingbird", written and published in 1960 by Seckatary Hawkins club member Harper Lee of Monroeville, Alabama.

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